Today in War Museum Overloon.
 
Due to the corona crisis we were not welcome at the memorial weekend operation Market Garden on the Ginkelse Heide and in Oosterbeek. The commemorations took place in private and no paratroopers jumped and there was no Race to the Bridge. Therefore we visited the War Museum Overloon on Saturday, September 19, 2020.

The War Museum Overloon consists of two museums: the National War and Resistance Museum and the Marshall Museum. The impressive collection of the Marshall Museum (more than 300 vehicles on display in a lifelike setting) and the informative exhibition of the National War and Resistance Museum complement each other.

New this time were some German tanks: the 'Nashorn' (Rhinoceros) and a Sturmgeschütz.

Elly in front of the entrance of the War Museum Overloon. Then we walked through the park to the building where the museum is located.
On the way we come across a Russian T-34 tank and a bailey bridge.
When we walk into the exhibition building we first see a timeline with the run-up to the Second World War.
Streets and squares were named after Hitler and the population could dispose of a Volksempfanger. Through this radio Goebbels broadcast a stream of Nazi propaganda to the German population.
Dutch soldiers relax during the mobilization in 1939/1940.
In May 1940, Princess Juliana, Prince Bernhard and the Princesses Beatrix and Irene were brought to IJmuiden in this value-added car of De Nederlandsche Bank. From here they fled by boat to England. The car, an armored Morris with North Holland license plate, was transferred to the Dutch War and Resistance Museum in Overloon in 1962.
The Dutch government in exile in London.
Boat that has been used by Engelandvaarders. Engelandvaarder is the honorary name in the Netherlands for all men and women who during World War II (1939-1945), after the capitulation of the Dutch forces on May 15, 1940 and before the Allied invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944 (D-Day), managed to escape from occupied territory with the intention of joining the Allied forces in England or other Allied territory to actively participate in the fight against the enemy (Germany, Italy, Japan).
In July 1940, three Dutchmen escaped from occupied Holland and crossed the North Sea to England with a twelve-footer. They were called Engelandvaarders. After them, even more Dutch people saw an opportunity to reach England, not only sailing directly or by air, but also by land, via neutral countries such as Switzerland, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.

More than 1700 Dutch men and women arrived in England or other allied territories after having overcome many difficulties. Of these, 332 joined the army, 118 the air force, 397 the navy, 176 the KNIL, 164 the merchant navy, 111 became secret agents and 129 joined the government in London.

However, a large number of men and women were killed or arrested on their way to England. Some were shot, most were taken to a concentration camp. Some managed to escape from there. Bram van der Stok, the most successful Dutch fighter pilot of the Second World War, escaped together with Bodo Sandberg and four other Engelandvaarders from the prisoner of war camp Stalag Luft III. They managed to steal the camp commander's car. Many others died in one camp, only a few returned to the Netherlands after the liberation.

Display case NSB with the Mussert chair, upholstered with leather and on the back the emblem of the NSB. You can also see the party flag and recruitment posters.

We walk through the war and occupation as it were. Showcases about collaboration, persecution and resistance.

Radio hidden in a book, after the Dutch had to hand in their radio set in May 1943.

The underground press: newspapers such as Het Parool were secretly printed. The press was controlled by the occupier, who determined what could and could not be published.
The illegality caused couriers to distribute the newspapers. They often managed to escape control because women were basically left alone. The Germans thought that resistance work was not for women. Women could move more freely than men during the occupation. As an adult man you ran the risk of being arrested on the streets from 1943 onwards. After all, there is the labour commitment: men between the ages of 17 and 40 had to work in Germany. They had hidden the blades in the frame of their bicycles. But weapons were also transported by these brave women, for example in a baby carriage. When they were caught, a terrible punishment awaited them, such as concentration camp or death penalty. Such prisoners then ended up in the prison in Scheveningen, which was called the Oranjehotel, because there were many resistance fighters there.
Couriers brought illegal magazines and messages to hiding addresses on their bikes. They did an important and dangerous resistance work.
 
A stroller, a good place to hide weapons.
Showcase with theme Oranjehotel where the key and the peephole of Doodencel 601 are exhibited.
Embroidery made by a prisoner in the Oranjehotel.
Uniform and bat of a female camp guard.

 

The persecution of the Jews began in 1942. The Jews had to register and wear a Jewish star. Their identity card contained a J. Finally, the Jewish population was deported via camp Westerbork to the extermination camps.
More than eleven million workers from occupied territories in Europe had to work in Germany during the Second World War. This large-scale forced labor project of the Nazis was also called the Arbeitseinsatz.
The German workers who had to serve in the German army were replaced by workers from the occupied territories. Among them were more than half a million Dutch men.
On his way to be forced to work for the Germans.
The Organisation Todt (O.T.) was a German construction company during the existence of Nazi Germany, named after its founder Fritz Todt. The organization was founded in 1938. In 1945, when the Third Reich had fallen, the organization was dissolved.
Organization Todt was a German governmental organization and initially part of the German Ministry of Armament and Ammunition. After the outbreak of war, the organization was given more and more powers. Within the framework of "Building a new Germany", it led the construction of the Atlantic Wall. On a voluntary basis and within the framework of the Arbeitseinsatz, workers were put to work. Among other things, they built bunkers, coastal fortifications and roads.
Of course, everyday life during the Second World War was by no means "ordinary". There was a shortage of everything. The threat of being arrested was constantly present. Nevertheless, between 1940 and 1945 the vast majority of the Dutch population tried to keep their heads above water as well as possible and, above all, to live on as normal as possible.
Full Tuesday. Packed and sacked, the Germans flee when Minister Gerbrandy announces on Radio Orange that the Allied armies have crossed the border. This turned out to be wrong and when the liberators did not come, the Germans returned.
Not seen before: Sturmgeschütz.
Also new is this Nashorn SD.KFZ.164
See there... The Horsa glider. Now with wings on it. Already seen last year after arriving in the Netherlands on Airbaise Soesterberg and in Oosterbeek last year..
Ardennes December 1944
Normandië 6 juni 1944
The desert war in North Africa 1941-1943
Nijmegen September 1944
The Biber (German for Beaver) was a one-person submarine of the German Kriegsmarine during the Second World War, of which 324 were put into service.
The Biber was operated by one man and was 8.85 meters long, 1.57 meters wide and 1.42 meters high. It had a BHP-SHP 32 13 gasoline-electric motor, good for a speed of 5.25 to 6.5 knots, and had two 51.5 centimeter torpedoes.